The Museum Centre in Hordaland is a foundation, managing several museums in Hordaland, the western part of Norway. The Museum Centre also has a department for consulting in protection of cultural heritage and a department for conservation and storage, serving all the museums in the county.
The Museum Centre in Hordaland
Telephone: +47 55 25 10 80
The Norwegian Knitting Industry Museum
The Norwegian Knitting Industry Museum is located in buildings which formerly housed The Salhus Knitwear Factory (1858-1989). The Salhus Knitting Mill was the first fully mechanized knitwear factory in Norway and was started in 1859 by two Germans, Philip Clausen and Johan Ramm. The factory was established during the first wave of industrialization in Norway. The people in Norway were in general poor, and many emigrated to America. Rather than going abroad, a lot of young boys from the districts around Salhus came to work in the factory. The young boys and men, who generally came from farms, provided cheap labour for Clausen and Ramm.
“Trikotage” means knitted textiles. Salhus Tricotagefabrik produced underwear, stockings, socks and sweaters in wool and cotton. The trademark for the products was a crown (krone), and Kronemacco is still well known. The factory was in operation for 130 years, until it was closed down in 1989.
Products from Salhus Tricotagefabrik were not only sold to Norwegian blue-collar workers, fishermen and farmers, but the trademark Kronemacco was also well known outside the country and was especially popular in Sweden, Japan and the United States.
Today the industry is gone. Salhus is protected as a cultural preservation area. The entire village is practically an open-air museum with buildings from all stages of industrialism, from around 1860 to the 1950s.
Our visitors are welcome to see the old factory. A guide will accompany you through the old production area. The original machinery remains in working order in the original factory premises, and the walls still retain the smell of oil and sheep wool. Here you can see how knitted clothes are produced, how the raw materials are made into yarn, then into knitted fabric, and finally manufactured into clothes like the popular "Salhus sweater". Naturally, the sweater may be purchased in the museum shop. When you have taken the guided tour, you are unlikely to forget the impressions made on your senses.
Today the Norwegian Knitting Museum is part of the Union of Norwegian Industrial Museums and is one of the 10 industrial heritage sites and enjoys the highest national priority in Norway.
The museum was established in 1920 and is the oldest institution in MuHo. It is an open air museum with buildings and objects linked to the fjord culture in the rural villages east of Bergen, with particular emphasis on local arts and crafts and small industry. In connection with the museum is a cultural walking trail through old cultural landscapes with prehistoric grave mounds and various traces of past and present farming activities.
Osterøy is an island surrounded by fjords and it is known as a miniature of Norway, because of its great variety in landscapes from the sea through valleys and up to the high mountains. The museum has a lot of volunteers helping out with various activities and projects at the museum, which has given the museum a really strong support from the people in the local community. If you ask anyone on the island about the museum they will most certainly say that Osterøy Museum is my museum!
The museum also houses the local history archives.
Havrå or Havre, sometimes Havretunet or Havråtunet is a country line courtyard in Osterøy municipality and is one of the very last and best preserved of the common country courtyards at the Western coast of Norway. Havrå was the first cultural environment to be protected under section 20 of the Norwegian Cultural Heritage Act. It was not connected to road until late in the 1960s.
The country courtyard is situated in a very steep terrain on the south side of Osterøy and the common country courtyard is shaped in line typical for steep terrain in the Norwegian fjords. Many of the buildings at Havrå are characteristic to the inner coastal district between Bergen and Sognefjorden; the combination of dry masonry and juniper cladding on barn facades exposed to rain and wind.
The Heathland Centre at Lygra
50 km north of Bergen, is an information centre for coastal heath lands.
More than four kilometers of paths take you around the historic landscape of the coast which has not changed in 5000 years. Today the European heath lands are rapidly disappearing; more than 90% has already gone due to cultivation, pollution and growth of shrubs and trees. On the island of Lygra the heath lands are preserved through traditional land use.
At the Information centre we present an exhibition on the European coastal landscapes trough 5000 years and a film on traditional heath land farming. In the restaurant you can enjoy a meal of traditional Norwegian food with a special atmosphere. The premises are also used for conferences and other events. Groups may book special events and tours. Guided walks in the landscape or on the farm (for groups by appointment).
Conservation department in Salhus
In 1978 the Textile Conservation Studio for Hordaland was established under the ownership of the Administration of Hordaland County. Seventeen years later first plans were presented to create a general service for museums in Hordaland, amongst others offering conservation services and storage facilities. The former Textile Conservation Studio for Hordaland was determined to be the basis of this new Conservation Department. The official opening took place in January 2007.Today the Conservation department in Salhus exists of a textile conservation studio, a studio for conservation of cultural historical objects and storage facilities for items belonging to museums in Hordaland.The Conservation Department offers free services to museums in Hordaland. That includes active and preventive conservation as well as expert advice and training sessions concerning storage, pest management and presentation of cultural heritage.
In order to ensure preservation of Norwegian cultural heritage outside museums the Conservation Department does also accept orders from external customers. Among those are: The Royal Court, Directorate for Cultural Heritage in Norway (Riksantikvaren), Nidaros Cathedral, Stavanger Cathedral and various private persons.
Building conservation services
We provide free help and advice to private owners and local authorities in the Northern region of Hordaland County.
- advice on building conservation
- preparation of restoration plans for private owners of listed buildings
- applications for government funding
- monitoring and administration of restoration projects funded by Hordaland County Council
- collecting and organising documentation material regarding preserved buildings, cultural recourses and cultural environments in the region
- advice on restoration projects on buildings owned by The Hordaland Museum Centre
The Western Norway Emigration Center at Sletta, Radøy
More than 800,000 Norwegians have emigrated to the United States. The first organized group of emigrants left Stavanger on the sloop the Restauration on July 4, 1825. In 1837 the Ægir left Bergen as the first ship with emigrants from Hordaland. For å century emigration was a central aspect of Norwegian history. South Africa, Australia and Spain are other major destinations for Norwegian emigrants. Today immigrants represent 9,4 per cent of Norway’s population. The largest groups of immigrants have country backgrounds from Poland, Sweden, Germany and Iraq.
Founded in 1996, Western Norway Emigration Centre has been built up and run by volunteers. The Emigration centre was consolidated with The Museum Centre in Hordaland in 2010. Western Norway Emigration Centre houses several buildings that were built up by Norwegian emigrants in the USA, and later moved and reas- sembled at Sletta, Radøy.
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